Inovasi Fonologis Isolek Kerinci di Kecamatan Bukit kerman

RENGKI, AFRIA (2014) Inovasi Fonologis Isolek Kerinci di Kecamatan Bukit kerman. Masters thesis, Universitas Andalas.

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The aims of this research are: 1) to explain the phonological variation in Pulaupandan, Pengasi, and Muak isolect; 2) to reconstruct the phonological of Pulaupandan, Pengasi and Muak isolect; 3) to explain the phonological inovations found in Pulaupandan, Pengasi and Muak isolect. This descriptive study belongs to synchronic and diachronic with qualitativequantitative approaches. The observation area are in Pulaupandan, Pengasi, and Muak villages. The collecting of data used conversational method (with stimulating technique as a basic technique, and facing conversational technique as a advanced technique) and participant observational method (refer to the technique as the basic techniques involved ably supported by the recording technique and writing technique). Data analysis used phonetic articulatory method with sorting techniques as basic technique and comparatingconnecting techniques as advanced techniques, while to determine the status of language and kinship percentage used dialectometry method. Presenting of data analysis results used formal and informal methods. Based on of the results analysis found variations synchronous sound, are, [a], [aɁ], [i], [u], [e], [ә], [o], [oɁ], [aw], [ew] , [iy], [p], [b], [t], [k], [g], [m], [n], [ŋ], [ɲ], [s], [d], [h], [Ɂ], and [l] in some positions. Based on the results of analysis diachronic found PIBK protolanguage phoneme from reconstruction process results in a certain position. That Phonemes form six vowels and two cluster sounds, they are; */i/, */u/, */e/, */ә/, */o/ with a glide group sound /oɁ/, and */a/ with launched cluster sound /aɁ/; seven diphthong */aw/, */ow/, */ew/, */iw/, */uw/ and */iy/, */әy/ and nineteen consonant phonemes */p/, */b/, */t/, */k/, */g/, */m/, */n/, */ŋ/, */ɲ/, */s/, */d/, */h/, */Ɂ/, */l/, */r/, */j/, */c/, */w/, and */y/. Phonological inovations were found based on the rules of sound changes, such as: 1) metathesis; 2) aphaeresis; 3) vowels breaking; 4) apocope; and 5) of syncope. Based on the evidences of synchronic and diachronic with used dialectometry method and the results of the analysis of data obtained in the field, IPp expressed as an observation point which still retain its isolect (conservative), because geography area of IPp and IP as isolect are related so as to facilitate frequent contact IPp speech IPP ultimately tend to maintain isolect. As with the IP that shows little innovation and retention, as well as reasoned above together with IPp, IP is also adjacent to other neighboring areas that tend to change the IP, on the other hand maintain its isolect IP. Observation points expressed as isolect inovative is IM. This is due to the geographic areas adjacent to the ITB-IM and frequent contact said. In addition, IM rarely make contact with its relatives isolect (IPp and IP) IM isolect so much influenced by isolect adjacent to the area. If traced back the history of the three villages were related point is the observation that the fed is the oldest village in comparison with Pulaupandan and Pengasi. However, the age of area/village is not a measure of variations in the look as well as the determination of the renewal and retention in the language/dialect Keywords: Innovation, Phonology, Synchronic, Diachronic, Recontruction, Variation, Kerinci Isolect.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Pascasarjana (Tesis)
Depositing User: ms Meiriza Paramita
Date Deposited: 26 May 2016 10:11
Last Modified: 26 May 2016 10:11

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