Perbedaan Kesiapsiagaan Siswa SMP Negeri Pada Zona Merah dan Zona Hijau Terhadap Bencana Gempa Bumi dan Tsunami di Kota Padang Tahun 2020

Mutiara, Devica (2020) Perbedaan Kesiapsiagaan Siswa SMP Negeri Pada Zona Merah dan Zona Hijau Terhadap Bencana Gempa Bumi dan Tsunami di Kota Padang Tahun 2020. Diploma thesis, Universitas Andalas.

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Abstract

FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNIVERSITAS ANDALAS Skripsi, April, 2020 Mutiara Devica, No. BP 1611212018 PERBEDAAN KESIAPSIAGAAN SISWA SMP NEGERI PADA ZONA MERAH DAN ZONA HIJAU TERHADAP BENCANA GEMPA BUMI DAN TSUNAMI DI KOTA PADANG TAHUN 2020 xiv + 99 halaman, 23 tabel, 4 gambar, 10 lampiran ABSTRAK Tujuan Penelitian Kota Padang berada dibawah ancaman Megatrust Mentawai. Gempa bumi 30 September 2009 mengakibatkan 60 siswa menjadi korban. Siswa merupakan kelompok rentan terhadap risiko bencana, sehingga kesiapsiagaan siswa sangat perlu ditingkatkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kesiapsiagaan siswa SMP Negeri pada zona merah dan zona hijau terhadap bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami di Kota Padang Tahun 2020. Metode Jenis penelitan ini adalah kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Penelitian ini dimulai Desember 2019—Maret 2020 di SMP Negeri yang berada di zona merah dan zona hijau bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami di Kota Padang. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 3.603 siswa, jumlah sampel sebanyak 118 responden. Teknik pengambilan sampel kecamatan pada masing-masing zona secara purposive sampling sedangkan pengambilan sampel siswa secara systematic random sampling. Pengolahan data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariat. Hasil Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kesiapsiagaan, pengetahuan, rencana tanggap darurat, sistem peringatan dini, mobilisasi sumber daya pada siswa SMP Negeri zona merah lebih tinggi dibandingkan zona hijau serta terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada kesiapsiagaan (p=0,000), pengetahuan (p=0,000), rencana tanggap darurat (p=0,000), sistem peringatan dini (p=0,000), mobilisasi sumber daya (p=0,034) pada zona merah dan zona hijau terhadap bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami di Kota Padang. Kesimpulan Terdapat perbedaan kesiapsiagaan, pengetahuan, rencana tanggap darurat, sistem peringatan dini, mobilisasi sumber daya pada zona merah dan zona hijau. Diharapkan kepada Pemerintah Kota Padang untuk membuat kegiatan kesiapsiagaan bencana di sekolah secara komprehensif dan berkesinambungan disemua zona. Daftar Pustaka : 67 (2006—2020) Kata Kunci : Perbedaan Kesiapsiagaan, Siswa, Gempa Bumi, dan Tsunami. FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH ANDALAS UNIVERSITY Thesis, April, 2020 Mutiara Devica, No. BP 1611212018 THE DIFFERENCES OF THE PUBLIC JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PREPAREDNESS IN RED ZONE AND GREEN ZONE AGAINST THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI DISASTER IN PADANG CITY IN 2020 xiv + 99 pages, 23 tables, 4 images, 10 enclosures ABSTRACT Research Purposes Padang city is now under threat of Megatrust Mentawai. On September, 30th 2009, an earthquake with 7.9 Richter Scale magnitude caused 60 deaths among students. Mainly, students are vulnerable at the risk of disaster, so that students need to improve their readiness well enough. This study aims to determine the preparedness of Public Junior High School Students in the red zone and green zone to the earthquake and tsunami in Padang City in 2020. Method The method that is applied in the research is quantitative with cross sectional design. The study started from December 2019 to March 2020 in the Public Junior High School which is located in the red zone and green zone of earthquake and tsunami in Padang. The number of population was 3,603 student, the number of samples was 118 respondents. The sampling technique in selecting the sub-districts in each zone is using purposive sampling, while the student elections is done by systematic random sampling. While in processing data, it’s done by univariate and bivariate. Result The results showed that preparedness, knowledge, emergency response plans, early warning systems, resource mobilization on students in Public Junior High School in the red zone are higher than the green zone. Also, there are significant differences in preparedness (p = 0.000), knowledge (p = 0.000), an emergency response plan (p = 0.000), early warning systems (p = 0.000), resource mobilization (p = 0.034) in the red zone and green zone to the earthquake and tsunami in Padang. Conclusion There are differences in preparedness, knowledge, emergency response plans, early warning systems, mobilization of resources in the red zone and green zone. Thus, it is expected the Government of Padang City to make some disaster preparedness activities in school comprehensively and sustainably in all zones. Bibliography : 67 (2006 — 2020) Keywords : The differences in Preparedness, Students, Earthquake and Tsunami.

Item Type: Thesis (Diploma)
Primary Supervisor: Septia Pristi Rahmah, SKM., MKM
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Depositing User: s1 kesehatan masyarakat
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2020 04:12
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2020 04:12
URI: http://scholar.unand.ac.id/id/eprint/58415

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